Sandalwood is a semi-parasitic tree belonging to the Santalaceae plant family. These evergreen trees can grow up to 50 feet tall have to be at least 30-40 years old before the wood is ready for distillation.
There are around 10 different types of sandalwood across various parts of the world. Sandalwood has been very important in religious ceremonies and folk medicine since antiquity. It is valued in perfumery for its warm, woody and rich aroma, though these characteristics change depending on the origin.